It seems to have really taken off between the 1200s and 1600s CE. , Few reliable records exist of the practice before the time of the Gupta empire (c. 400 CE).
 This is said to be based on the set of official documents. Yang notes that many studies seem to emphasize the young age of the widows who committed sati. These conditions are generally called ok. A typical example of an ok is a restriction on the colours or types of clothing the family members may wear. So how is that that they are called Sati?” However, many accounts exist of women who were forced to go through with the rite. [note 2] Anant Altekar states that sati spread with Hindu migrants to Southeast Asian islands, such as to Java, Sumatra and Bali. Thus, as Leslie puts it, becoming (or being pressured into the role of) a sati was, within Tryambaka's thinking, the only truly effective method of atonement for the bad wife.  Anant S. Altekar says that no instances of sati occur in this earliest, archaic part of the whole Ramayana. Support of sati, including coercing or forcing someone to commit sati, can be punished by death sentence or life imprisonment, while glorifying sati is punishable with one to seven years in prison. , According to Ramashraya Sharma, there is no conclusive evidence of the sati practice in the Ramayana.
 The British tried to present to the natives scriptural interpretations to say that Sati was not mandated, it being seen as part of their civilizing mission. They created a story of female infanticide and they passed a law in 1802 to ban female infanticide. Missionaries were not allowed to India except Serampore and if they arrive to India they were sent back to England because the British told it will affect their rule in India.  Prohibitions of certain practices, such as worship at ancient shrines, is a matter of controversy. During the British rule in India, the practice of Sati was tolerated earlier.  Some of the early Sanskrit authors like Daṇḍin in Daśakumāracarita and Banabhatta in Harshacharita mention that women who burnt themselves wore extravagant dresses. Both of these are found in many regions of India, but "rarely if ever earlier in date than the 8th or 9th century". Early 20th-century pioneering anthropologist James G. Frazer, for example, thought that the legendary Greek story of Capaneus, whose wife Evadne threw herself on his funeral pyre, might be a relic of an earlier custom of live widow-burning. In the 2nd phase from 1815-1824, the British government did surveys in the 3 presidencies of Bengal, Bombay and madras and they found 6632 sati daha pratha cases and 90% cases are from Bengal. First of British got control and rule over Bengal region.so they had chosen this region. But H.H.Wilson secretary of Asiatic society condemned by saying there is no such practice in Hindu society and it is very rare. He also opined that widows could lead lives that would eventually lead to salvation. Willians jones translated Kalidas and it made European people think about the greatness of Indian literature. , During the period of Muslim-Hindu conflict, Rajputs performed a distinct form of mass sati known as jauhar as a direct response to the onslaught they experienced. 1. Satyamev Jayate .. truth always triumphs.. Investigators of present day should come forward to study existing evidences available, record and publish them using modern tools like the internet and social media. Charles Wilkins, he engaged in the study of Sanskrit and he translated the Bhagavad Gita and this is the first translation into European languages from Sanskrit. We, educated Muslims, seriously condemn such act…”, “But Islamic scholars have two opinions about this – some say no obligatory rules exist while others refer to the mention of female circumcision in the Hadith.
But finally with William Wilberforce intervention finally parliament agreed to give permission to missionaries to enter into British territory in India. Many girls bleed to death or die of infection – even today”, “That’s highly deplorable. She then decks herself in jewelry which she later distributes to others. The first is based on hymn 10.2.6.7 of Satapatha Brahmana will forbids suicide. , The four works, Manusmṛti (200 BCE–200 CE), Yājñavalkya Smṛti (200–500 CE), Nāradasmṛti (100 BCE–400 CE) and the Viṣṇusmṛti (700–1000 CE) are the principal Smrti works in the Dharmaśāstra tradition, along with the Parasara Smrti, composed in the latter period, rather than in the earlier. , In the Lower Gangetic plain, the practice may have reached a high level fairly late in history. In Sri Lanka, interestingly, sati was practiced only by queens; ordinary women were not expected to join their husbands in death. In the Musala-parvan of the Mahabharata, the four wives of Vasudeva are said to commit sati. , According to Annemarie Schimmel, the Mughal Emperor Akbar was averse to the practice of Sati; however, he expressed his admiration for "widows who wished to be cremated with their deceased husbands". Mani, L. (1998). Lindsey Harlan probes deeper into the sativrata stage.
82). I have met Shahnawaz Husain during a trip to Mumbai. One woman cursed her in-laws when they brought neither a horse nor a drummer to her pyre, saying that whenever in future they might have need of either (and many religious rituals require the presence of such a thing), it would not be available to them. Officials like Sir Charles Napier threatened to hang for murder any Hindu priest who advocated or presided over a widow-burning. , Moriz Winternitz states that Brihaspati Smriti prohibits burning of widows.
 He was at loggerheads with Hindu groups which did not want the Government to interfere in religious practices.. It is said that Sati was the daughter of Daksha who was the son of Brahma.
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