Please read the. Article 49 of the law proposed the creation of a single organization responsible for environmental conservation in French Guiana. The total fertility rate in French Guiana has remained high and is today considerably higher than that of metropolitan France, as well as most of the other French overseas departments. The main groups living in the interior are the Maroons who are of African descent, and Amerindians. During the Revolution, the National Convention voted to abolish slavery in February 1794, months after the rebelling slaves had already announced an abolition of slavery in Saint-Domingue. The Guiana Amazonian Park, which is the largest national park in the European Union, covers 41% of French Guiana's territory. US$17,336 (in 2006) Inflation . An asphalted road from Régina to Saint-Georges de l'Oyapock (a town by the Brazilian border) was opened in 2004, completing the road from Cayenne to the Brazilian border. During most of the year, rainfall across the country is heavy due to the presence of the Intertropical Convergence Zone and its powerful thunderstorm cells. Research is being actively pursued in multiple fields to determine how these enriched soils were historically created, and how this can be done in modern times. The economic accounts of Guyana in 2006: first results " (PDF) . , The novel Papillon, by the French convict Henri Charrière, is set in French Guiana. Including Guadeloupe, Martinique, Réunion and French Guiana. GDP growth rate (annual %, const. The Petit-Saut Dam, a hydroelectric dam in the north of French Guiana forms an artificial lake and provides hydroelectricity. French Guiana has some of the poorest soils in the world. As elsewhere in France, the official language is standard French, but each ethnic community has its own language, of which French Guianese Creole, a French-based creole language, is the most widely spoken. hydro: , On March 20, 2017, French Guianese workers began going on strike and demonstrating for more resources and infrastructure. French Guiana's main seaport is the port of Dégrad des Cannes, located on the estuary of the Mahury River, in the commune of Remire-Montjoly, a south-eastern suburb of Cayenne. French Guiana (GUF) , GDP per capita (current US$) indicators data for years 2012 to 2016 , A border dispute with Brazil arose in the late 19th century over a vast area of jungle, resulting in the short-lived, pro-French, independent state of Counani in the disputed territory. , In the late 1970s and early 1980s, several hundred Hmong refugees from Laos immigrated to French Guiana, fleeing displacement after the communist takeover of Laos by Pathet Lao in 1975. , There is very little manufacturing. France - Country profile Roughly 14% of the population is of European ancestry. Other mountains include Mont Machalou (782 m, 2,566 ft), Pic Coudreau (711 m, 2,333 ft), Mont St Marcel (635 m, 2,083 ft), Mont Favard (200 m, 660 ft) and Montagne du Mahury (156 m, 512 ft). This single French department has at least 98% of vertebrate fauna and 96% of vascular plants as found in all of France and its overseas territories. It abandoned its status as a colony and once again became a French department in 1946. French Guiana and the two larger countries to the north and west, Guyana and Suriname, are still often collectively referred to as "the Guianas" and constitute one large landmass known as the Guiana Shield. The resulting ashes elevate soil pH (i.e., lower soil acidity), and contribute minerals and other nutrients to the soil. 1% (2002) Labour force. , French Guiana's population of 290,691 (2020 estimate), most of whom live along the coast, is substantially ethnically diverse. ), The RSMAG Regiment (Adapted Military Service) of Guyana, located in, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 11:04. As a French Overseas department, French Guiana is not a member of the Pan American Sports Organization; rather, athletes compete within the French National Olympic and Sports Committee and are governed by the Ligue d'Athlétisme de la Guyane, a sub-unit of the Fédération française d'athlétisme. There are also flights to Fort-de-France, Pointe-à-Pitre, Belém, and Fortaleza. Development Assistance Committee member (OECD). As of 2007[update], the Amazonian forest, located in the most remote part of the department, is protected as the Guiana Amazonian Park, one of the ten national parks of France. The department was considered particularly suitable for the purpose because it is near the equator and has extensive access to the ocean as a buffer zone. Population figures are those recorded in the 2017 census. ), CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita), Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area), Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %), Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %), Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI). French Guiana is the only territory of the mainland Americas to have full integration in a European country. Tourism, especially eco-tourism, is growing. With a land area of 83,534 km2 (32,253 sq mi), French Guiana is the second-largest region of France (it is more than one-seventh the size of Metropolitan France) and the largest outermost region within the European Union.  The inauguration makes it possible to drive uninterrupted from Cayenne to Macapá, the capital of the state of Amapá in Brazil. Fewer than 10% survived their sentence.. Unemployment is a serious problem, particularly among younger workers. French Guiana (/ɡiˈɑːnə/ or /ɡiˈænə/; French: Guyane [ɡɥijan]) is an overseas department and region of France on the northern Atlantic coast of South America in the Guianas. Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals. Since its publication there has been controversy over its accuracy. ), Tourist arrivals at national borders (000), Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births), Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP), Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop. , In 2017, the GDP per capita of French Guiana at market exchange rates, not at PPP, was US$18,313 (€16,218), the highest in South America, but only 46.7% of metropolitan France's average GDP per capita that year, and 55.5% of the metropolitan French regions outside the Paris Region. In 2015, per capita GDP was € 22,571 in Martinique, € 20,163 in Guadeloupe, and € 16,645 in French Guiana. National Statistical Office of France This assembly, the French Guiana Assembly (French: assemblée de Guyane), has replaced the former regional council and departmental council, which were both disbanded. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 58.800 (1997) Labour force by occupation. Charrière stated that all events in the book are truthful and accurate, allowing for minor lapses in memory.  The Guiana Space Centre employed 1,659 people in 2012. Sites of Terra preta (anthropogenic soils) have been discovered in French Guiana, particularly near the border with Brazil. Budget: 100% The French Guiana Assembly is in charge of regional and departmental government. The addition of the adjective "French" in most languages other than French is rooted in colonial times, when five such colonies (The Guianas) had been named along the coast, subject to differing powers: namely (from west to east) Spanish Guiana (now Guayana Region and Guayana Esequiba in Venezuela), British Guiana (now Guyana), Dutch Guiana (now Suriname), French Guiana, and Portuguese Guiana (now Amapá in Brazil). Estimates are based on different national accounting bases (2000, 2005 and 2010). ), Seats held by women in national parliaments (%), Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants), Patents: Resident filings (per million pop. 98.9% of the land territory of French Guiana is covered by forests, a large part of which is primeval rainforest. 0% The main Amerindian groups (forming about 3–4% of the population) are the Arawak, Carib, Emerillon (now called the Teko), Galibi (now called the Kaliña), Palikur, Wayampi and Wayana. Starting in 1960, the Tour of Guiana, an annual multiple stage bicycle race, is held. Almost all of French Guiana's imports and exports pass through the port of Dégrad des Cannes. However, the 1794 decree was only implemented in Saint-Domingue, Guadeloupe and Guyane: it was a dead letter in Senegal, Mauritius and Reunion. French Guiana is heavily dependent on imports of food and energy. French Guiana sends two deputies to the French National Assembly, one representing the commune (municipality) of Cayenne and the commune of Macouria, and the other representing the rest of French Guiana. Guiana was designated as a French department in 1797. The people identified as Lokono. The territory of the park covers some 33,900 km2 (13,090 sq mi) upon the communes of Camopi, Maripasoula, Papaïchton, Saint-Élie and Saül. Besides the French space center at Kourou, fishing and forestry are the most important economic activities in French Guiana. Regional languages include French Guianese Creole (not to be confused with Guyanese Creole), six Amerindian languages (Arawak, Palijur, Kali'na, Wayana, Wayampi, Emerillon), four Maroon creole languages (Saramaka, Paramaccan, Aluku, Ndyuka), as well as Hmong Njua.
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