In 1971 Dorothy Vaughan retired from NASA. Dorothy Vaughan and many of the former West Computers joined the new Analysis and Computation Division (ACD), a racially and gender-integrated group on the frontier of electronic computing. Elizabeth Vaughan. is military terminology referring to "Government Issue" or "General Issue". Mathematicians. However, even with the executive order, state and local laws required "colored" mathematicians to work separately from their white female counterparts. [2] They were also required to use separate dining and bathroom facilities.

In December 1943 she started working for NACA’s West Area Computing unit, a group of African American female mathematicians who were considered “human computers,” performing complex computations and analyzing data for aerospace engineers. [10], Seeing that machine computers were going to be the future, she taught the women programming languages and other concepts to prepare them for the transition. ",, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Articles with minor POV problems from December 2019, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1925: Beechurst High School – Class Valedictorian, 1925: West Virginia Conference of the A.M.E. Sunday School Convention – Full Tuition Scholarship, 1929: Wilberforce University – Mathematician Graduate Cum Laude, 1949–1958: Head of National Advisory Committee of Aeronautics' Segregated West Computing Unit, This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 16:02. [3] Vaughan received a full-tuition scholarship from West Virginia Conference of the A.M.E. Sunday School Convention[4] to attend Wilberforce University in Wilberforce, Ohio. Dorothy Johnson was born on September 20, 1910, in Kansas City, Missouri. Despite these conditions, Vaughan was promoted to lead the West Computers in 1949. Vaughan was very devoted to family and the church, which would play a huge factor in whether she would move to Hampton, Virginia, to work for NASA. Mathematician most well known for her work with the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, the predecessor to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

7. She worked as a math teacher in Virginia and married Howard S. Vaughan. 5. [1], Vaughan was born September 20, 1910, in Kansas City, Missouri, as Dorothy Jean Johnson. [4] Vaughan began work for NACA at the Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, in 1943. Parents: Leonard and Annie Johnson. Vaughan was a member of Alpha Kappa Alpha, an African-American sorority. A new, third level of content, designed specially to meet the advanced needs of the sophisticated scholar. Vaughan became an expert FORTRAN programmer. In 1949, Vaughan became the head of the West Area Computers, a work group composed entirely of African-American female mathematicians. Dorothy Vaughan Popularity . First Name Dorothy. Updates? Vaughan served as head of the West Computers until 1958, when NACA was incorporated into the newly created NASA, which closed the segregated facilities. These women were known as the West Computers because they made computations, or mathematical calculations. Richard Vaughan 1648 - 1728.

Dorothy Vaughan. 3. She would become the first … [2] This segregated group consisted of African-American women who made complex mathematical calculations by hand, using tools of the time. Dorothy Vaughan Is A Member Of . Dorothy Vaughan performed complex computations and analyzed data for aerospace engineers, work that was later essential to the success of the early U.S. space program. She was the first black supervisor at NACA and one of few female supervisors. Virgos. As an African-American and a woman, this was a significant role in American history considering both parts were put down in this era. Most Popular #14482. Dorothy Vaughan was born on September 20, 1910. Her legacy and the story of the other women of West Computing lives on in the 2016 film Hidden Figures. Britannica does not review the converted text. She later was promoted officially to the position. She retired from NASA in 1971. For the next eleven years, Vaughan divided her time between being a homemaker and a mathematics teacher at Robert Russa Moton High School in Farmville, Virginia. Died: November 10, 2008 in Hampton, Virginia. She worked at NASA-Langley for 28 years.[11]. She contributed to the space program through her work on the Scout Launch Vehicle Program. Vaughan became proficient in computer programming, teaching herself FORTRAN and teaching it to her coworkers to prepare them for the transition. Dorothy Vaughan was a computer programmer who made important contributions to the U.S. space program. born 1615, died 1672, age 57 (approx.) She later headed the programming section of the Analysis and Computation Division (ACD) at Langley. She is credited for being an instigator in the Stonewall riots. She joined the Alpha Kappa Alphachapter at Wilberforce and graduated in … One of NASA's human 'computers,' Katherine Johnson performed the complex calculations that enabled humans to successfully achieve space flight. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Dorothy Vaughan retired from NASA in 1971. A beneficiary of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Executive Order 8802, Vaughan was among the first group of African Americans to be hired as mathematicians and scientists. Dorothy Vaughan Fans Also Viewed . Dorothy Vaughan was an American mathematician. Corrections? The couple moved to Newport News, Virginia, where they had six children: Ann, Maida, Leonard, Kenneth, Michael and Donald. She made important contributions to the early years of the United States space program. To re-enable the tools or to convert back to English, click "view original" on the Google Translate toolbar. [7] The family also lived with Howard's wealthy and respected parents and grandparents on South Main Street in Newport News, Virginia. She retired from NASA in 1971. During her career at Langley, Vaughan was also raising her six children. Then in 1958, as NACA was transitioning into the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the agency abolished the segregated working environment. When NACA became NASA, segregated facilities, including the West Computing office, were abolished. Dorothy Vaughan, née Dorothy Johnson, (born September 20, 1910, Kansas City, Missouri, U.S.—died November 10, 2008, Hampton, Virginia), American mathematician and computer programmer who made important contributions to the early years of the U.S. space program and who was the first African American manager at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), which later became part of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

In 1943, the family moved to Newport News, Virginia, and Vaughan was employed as a mathematician at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (the predecessor agency to NASA) in what she thought would be a temporary job.

Her family moved to Morgantown, West Virginia, where she graduated from Beechurst High School in 1925 as her class valedictorian. Mathematician. The same safe and trusted content for explorers of all ages. Vaughan died on November 10, 2008, in Hampton, Virginia.

Omissions? Vaughan received a full-tuition scholarship from West Virginia Conference of the A.M.E. Sunday School Convention to attend Wilberforce University in Wilberforce, Ohio. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Despite these conditions, Vaughan was promoted to lead the West Computers in 1949. In 2019, Vaughan was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal. Dorothy Vaughan Partner(s) Other Children. Facts About Dorothy Vaughan ● She graduated from Wilberforce University Fcu (1929) ● She died on November 10, 2008, Hampton, VA ● The parents of Dorothy Vaughan are Annie Johnson, Leonard Johnson ● She had 4 children Leonard S. Vaughan, Ann V. Hammond, Kenneth H… In 1935, the NACA had established a section of women mathematicians, who performed complex calculations.

[4] Two years following the issuance of Executive Orders 8802 and 9346, the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory (Langley Research Center), a facility of the NACA, began hiring more black women to meet the drastic increase in demand for processing aeronautical research data. Photo: Smith Collection/Gado/Getty Images. Alan Turing.

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