Geostationary orbit position 10 +/- 0.1; afterwards 7 +/- 0.1 deg E. EUTELSAT 2 is a regional geostationary satellite for European countries. The project was Western Europe's second attempt to develop its own launcher following the unsuccessful Europaproject.
Move to a new position. 1988-1-C (Telecom 1C). New position: 345 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 177 deg E in 1984-1986; 26 deg W in 1986-1990; 55 deg W in 1990-1992; 15 deg W in 1992-1997; 26 deg W in 1997-on. Number: 11 . Old position: 177.5E. Thrust: 4,021.00 kN (903,956 lbf). Updates? As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 105.31W drifting at 0.004W degrees per day. Strap-on booster engine for Ariane 42P, Ariane 44LP, Ariane 44P. Eutelsat I F5 - . Arianespace succeeded in establishing the Ariane family as the single largest provider of commercial launch services in the world. The major differences are improved versions of the engines, allowing stretched first- and third-stage tanks and greater payloads. Registration France 1984-2.B (Telecom 1A) 1985-2.B (Telecom 1B). Launch vehicle Ariane 3 launch vehicle of Arianespace, 24th flight of Ariane and 9th flight of the Ariane 3 version. Geosynchronous orbit longitude 93.5 +/- 0.1 deg east.
Country: France. Ariane 5 is a nearly complete redesign.
As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 153.60E drifting at 2.179W degrees per day. Payload: 2,700 kg (5,900 lb) to a GTO.
Launch Vehicles: Ariane 2/3, Ariane 3, Ariane 44LP, Ariane 42P, Ariane 44P, Advanced Scout, Ariane 42Pp, Ariane 44LP-3.
A strong impetus for developing the more powerful Ariane 5 was the ESA’s ambition to launch a manned space glider named Hermes.
Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Ariane 1 was 50 metres (164 feet) tall and had a thrust at liftoff of 2,400 kilonewtons (550,000 pounds), which allowed it to launch an 1,850-kg (4,070-pound) satellite into geostationary orbit. The first four generations of Ariane shared the same basic design but achieved increased performance and flexibility through modifications of that design; by the end of its 15-year-long career, Ariane 4 had achieved over 97 percent reliability.  On November 26, 2019, flight number 250 was performed, lifting two communications satellites: TIBA-1 and Inmarsat-5 F5 (GX5). Ariane, family of launch vehicles developed as a means of independent access to space for the European Space Agency (ESA) and as a launcher for commercial payloads.
This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 14:02.
As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 11.08W drifting at 6.728W degrees per day.
Ku band communications satellite. The first launch of the Ariane 1 vehicle took place in December 1979. Launching states: Australia and France. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 120.92E drifting at 5.702W degrees per day. French domestic communications; 5 deg E. Communications satellite. The French space agency, Centre National d’Études Spatiales (CNES), has managed Ariane development and upgrades under the auspices of the ESA, with a number of European countries contributing to the program’s budget and carrying out a share of development and production work.
As of 2007 Mar 7 located at 32.58W drifting at 2.263W degrees per day. Payload: 24 C-band transponders with 6 spares, 10 W TWTA, EIRP >34 dBW over most of Brazilian territory Financial/Operational: Contract issued in 1990 for 2 units HS-376W. The largest versions can launch two satellites, mounted in the SPELDA (Structure Porteuse Externe pour Lancements Doubles Ariane) adapter. Payload: 2,700 kg (5,900 lb). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 5 deg W in 1985-1988 As of 3 September 2001 located at 4.82 deg E drifting at 0.111 deg E per day.
The Ariane project was code-named L3S (the French abbreviation for third-generation substitution launcher). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 69 deg W in 1984-1997; 115 deg E in 1997-1998 As of 5 September 2001 located at 65.20 deg E drifting at 1.887 deg W per day.
In January 1980 the ESA decided to entrust Arianespace—an organization owned by both public and private sector entities—with the management of Ariane production and launch for government use and also with the marketing of the vehicle to commercial customers. Gross mass: 237,000 kg (522,000 lb). The Ariane 5 has achieved 89 percent reliability.
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